Introducing the new Play Station controller.

PS5 DUAL SENSE

Sony officially recently announced the new Play Station controller, dubbed the "DualSense" controller, and it looks radically different from the company's previous designs. It'll launch alongside the PS5 console before the Christmas holiday this year.

The PS5 controller design reveals adaptive shoulder button triggers with haptic feedback, a built-in microphone  and a new 'Create' button that replaces the PS4 Share button. Sony is also moving the lightbar from the top of the controller to the surrounding the touchpad on the PS5, but the biggest change comes in form rather than function. The new controller is much larger which may reduce fatigue during long session and seems more ergonomic, however the new two tone flat design has received mixed reactions and Jim Ryan, President & CEO, Sony Interactive Entertainment had this to say

“DualSense marks a radical departure from our previous controller offerings and captures just how strongly we feel about making a generational leap with PS5. The new controller, along with the many innovative features in PS5, will be transformative for games – continuing our mission at PlayStation to push the boundaries of play, now and in the future. To the PlayStation community, I truly want to thank you for sharing this exciting journey with us as we head toward PS5’s launch in Holiday 2020. We look forward to sharing more information about PS5, including the console design, in the coming months.”

Let us know what you think of the new design and stay tuned for more updates.

USB4

A week after USB 3.2 Gen 2.2, we get USB4. Intel had previously announced that its Ice Lake platform, due to ship later this year, will integrate both Thunderbolt 3 and USB 3.1 Gen 2 (aka USB 3.2 Gen 2) controllers. Currently, offering Thunderbolt 3 requires the use of an additional chip, one of Intel’s Alpine Ridge or Titan Ridge Thunderbolt 3 controllers. Intel said that it would contribute the Thunderbolt specification to the USB Promoter Group, the same organization that announced the USB4 specification. Doing so will enable other chip makers in the USB-PG to build Thunderbolt 3 silicon royalty-free. As such, we’d expect to see it become nearly universal. Why is this such a big deal? Thunderbolt 3 on the 3.1 standard could bring 40Gbps data transfers, which is about double the speed of the preceding USB 3.2 specification. Its exciting times ahead as, universal standard with higher power delivery has endless possibilities.

Johnny English Strikes Again

Thrice is not charming

The movie falls flat, despite earnest intentions

Seven years is a long time between sequels. Even if it is Johnny English. The bumbling spy is back this time with the third part of the trilogy. Like the previous two offerings, Rowan Atkinson puts up an sincere performance. And that is pretty much it.
The retired spy is now a teacher, who prefers to teach his students the art of espionage than geography at a posh school on the countryside. So in class it’s all about exploding pens, camouflage and zip lines. This sub plot, we thought, would have made for a funnier movie than the one we just saw. Cyber attacks on British intelligence has compromised all agents of MI7 and English is brought in to nab the perpetrator. An analog spy in digital world, this agent is all about explosive jellybeans and vintage cars. All leads point to billionaire Jason Volta (Jake Lacy) and English and his Man Friday (Ben Miller) travel across Europe to expose the criminal. Bond girl Olga Kurylenko plays a Russian spy who is out with the same mission. There are moments of sheer brilliance, but these are few to come by. Meanwhile, the British Prime minister, played by Emma Thompson, seeks Volta’s help to solve the crisis. Then English literally becomes a ‘knight in shining armour’ and saves the day.
Apart from Atkinson’s face-pulling antics and his characteristic exaggerated style, there is nothing new to look forward to. In all honesty, the franchise that was intended as a spoof on the suave spy James Bond, hardly made a lasting impression on viewer minds. Emma Thompson is wasted as the PM and Jake Lacy (a rip off on Elon Musk) and Olga Kurylenko are pretty much wallflowers. It is an Atkinson movie through and through. The plot is hazy and does not give room for development. The makers should realize the after a point, there is only so much one can do. Johnny English seems to have have run its course, and it’s time to call it a day.

JOHNNY ENGLISH STRIKES AGAIN
Cast: Rowan Atkinson, Ben Miller, Emma Thompson, Olga Kurylenko, Jake Lacy, Miranda Hennessy, Pippa Bennett-Warner, Adam James
Director: David Kerr
Screenwriter: William Davies

The Big Hack

Allegedly, Chinese intelligence “People’s Liberation Army” forced factories in China to add tiny microchips, into server boards from industry leading Supermicro to be sold to basically every one including Amazon and Apple. One, the largest resources for virtual machines and secure web services which include almost every government agency in the world, most online commerce platforms, home automation services, the other a telecommunications and personal computing giant. The scope of the hack is truly daunting. These microchips weren’t part of the design specifications submitted to clients and at less than half a centimeter are incredible difficult to discover. This tiny chip opens a backdoor, which allows anonymous computers to siphon data from some of the largest data centers in the world.
In 2015, Amazon.com Inc. began quietly evaluating a startup called Elemental Technologies, a potential acquisition to help with a major expansion of its streaming video service, known today as Amazon Prime Video. Elemental made software for compressing massive video files and formatting them for different devices. Its technology had helped stream the Olympic Games online, communicate with the International Space Station, broadcast church sermons, stream video in the porn industry and funnel drone footage to the Central Intelligence Agency. Elemental’s national security contracts weren’t the main reason for the proposed acquisition, but they fit nicely with Amazon’s government businesses, such as the highly secure cloud that Amazon Web Services (AWS) was building for the CIA.

To help with due diligence, AWS, which was overseeing the prospective acquisition, hired a third-party company to scrutinize Elemental’s security, according to one person familiar with the process. The first pass uncovered troubling issues, prompting AWS to take a closer look at Elemental’s main product, the servers that customers installed in their networks to handle the video compression. These servers were assembled for Elemental by Super Micro Computer Inc.Nested on the servers’ motherboards, the testers found the tiny microchip. Amazon reported the discovery to U.S. authorities, sending a shudder through the intelligence community. Elemental’s servers could be found in Department of Defense data centers, the CIA’s drone operations, and the onboard networks of Navy warships. And Elemental was just one of hundreds of Supermicro customers.

During the ensuing top-secret probe, which remains open more than three years later, investigators determined that the chips allowed the attackers to create a stealth doorway into any network that included the altered machines. Multiple people familiar with the matter say investigators found that the chips had been inserted at factories run by manufacturing subcontractors in China.The entity involved was willing to spend time and money to attain long term access into these systems. In emailed statements, Amazon (which announced its acquisition of Elemental in September 2015) “It’s untrue that AWS knew about a supply chain compromise, an issue with malicious chips, or hardware modifications when acquiring Elemental,” Amazon wrote. “On this we can be very clear: Apple has never found malicious chips, ‘hardware manipulations’ or vulnerabilities purposely planted in any server,” Apple wrote. “We remain unaware of any such investigation,” wrote a spokesman for Supermicro, Perry Hayes. The Chinese government didn’t directly address questions about manipulation of Supermicro servers, issuing a statement that read, in part, “Supply chain safety in cyberspace is an issue of common concern, and China is also a victim.” The FBI and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, representing the CIA and NSA, declined to comment.

Back in 2006, three engineers started Elemental Technologies, assembling what one former adviser to the company calls a genius team to write code that would adapt the super fast graphics chips being produced for high-end video-gaming machines. The resulting software dramatically reduced the time it took to process large video files. Elemental then loaded the software onto custom-built servers emblazoned with its leprechaun-green logos. Elemental servers sold for as much as $100,000 each, at profit margins of as high as 70 percent, according to a former adviser to the company. Supermicro had been an obvious choice to build Elemental’s servers. Supermicro’s motherboards would be engineered mostly in San Jose, close to the company’s biggest clients, even if the products were manufactured overseas.

Today, Supermicro sells more server motherboards than almost anyone else. It also dominates the $1 billion market for boards used in special-purpose computers, from MRI machines to weapons systems. Its motherboards can be found in made-to-order server setups at banks, hedge funds, cloud computing providers, and web-hosting services, among other places.

The chips on Elemental servers were designed to be as inconspicuous as possible, according to one person who saw a detailed report prepared for Amazon by its third-party security contractor, as well as a second person who saw digital photos and X-ray images of the chips incorporated into a later report prepared by Amazon’s security team. Gray or off-white in color, they looked more like signal conditioning couplers, another common motherboard component, than microchips, and so they were unlikely to be detectable without specialized equipment. Depending on the board model, the chips varied slightly in size, suggesting that the attackers had supplied different factories with different batches. Since the implants were small, the amount of code they contained was small as well. But they were capable of doing two very important things: telling the device to communicate with one of several anonymous computers elsewhere on the internet that were loaded with more complex code; and preparing the device’s operating system to accept this new code. The illicit chips could do all this because they were connected to the baseboard management controller, a kind of superchip that administrators use to remotely log in to problematic servers, giving them access to the most sensitive code even on machines that have crashed or are turned off.

This system could let the attackers alter how the device functioned, line by line, however they wanted, leaving no one the wiser. A secure machine is open to any and all users. A chip can also steal encryption keys for secure communications, block security updates that would neutralize the attack, and open up new pathways to the internet. Should some anomaly be noticed, it would likely be cast as an unexplained oddity. “The hardware opens whatever door it wants” says Joe Fitz Patrick, founder of Hardware Security Resources LLC, a company that trains cyber security professionals in hardware hacking techniques.

Obviously, the effected companies are pulling out and concurrent with the illicit chips’ discovery in 2015 and the unfolding investigation, Supermicro has been plagued by an accounting problem, which the company characterizes as an issue related to the timing of certain revenue recognition. After missing two deadlines to file quarterly and annual reports required by regulators, Supermicro was delisted from the Nasdaq on Aug. 23 of this year. It marked an extraordinary stumble for a company whose annual revenue had risen sharply in the previous four years, from a reported $1.5 billion in 2014 to a projected $3.2 billion this year.

As consumers we need to make a choice, either take the time to control all sections of production increasing cost and reduce supply or risk compromising our security. Our poignant dependence on electronics is such that some choose to ignore the biggest security breach of our generation.

Pokemon Go: Deoxys Breakdown

EX

Ever since Mewtwo started taking over regular raids, although without Shadow Ball,which is still believe is its most versatile move, people have been waiting for the new EX, Deoxys. "The DNA of a space virus underwent a sudden mutation upon exposure to a laser beam and resulted in Deoxys. The crystalline organ on this Pokémon’s chest appears to be its brain" - Pokedex 

Unfortunately its received Mix reactions so far, people have been taking it down with two accounts , and with time to spare. Here is why we think you shouldn't give up on Deoxys just yet.

Lets break down the different forms of Deoxys and their corresponding move set.

D2

So lets break down the different forms, Normal Form Deoxys is pretty balanced, it can take a hit better than Gengar and does more damage than an Alakazam, nothing extra ordinary, not to shabby either. Which is the problem, Mewtwo is superior in every way and you'd be better off using precious stardust on it than something mediocre.

Attack Form Deoxys, here's where things get interesting, it is a crazy glass cannon ludicrously powerful but time one dodge wrong and you'll be spinning for revives. You go in, hurt and get out this sense of purpose makes it our favorite form of the lot.

Speed Form Deoxys mid range stabber but is honestly let down by its move pool, there are much better options out there making it less viable.

Defense Form Deoxys is just a dex entry, get one and move on as at-least in the current meta, CP and Stamina make more sense than Defense. You have Snorlax, Blissey and Slaking in the game. So what is the point of a defender who cant be placed in a gym and has lower sustain ? We don't know either.

Even if we consider STAB, Attack Form Deoxys running Zen Headbutt and Zap Cannon / Dark Pulse (Physic Counter) would be our recommended pick.

Now that we know what we want, its time to catch this sucker. 

D3

Here are our picks for the best EX Deoxys counters.

CO1

Does whatever a Spider can !

SP IG

Reviewed on the PS4

During its release week, Spider-Man sold more copies than any other previously-released game in 2018, it became the fastest-selling video game based on the titular character, as well as the fastest-selling Marvel-branded video game of all time. The game sold 3.3 million copies in the first 3 days of its release, a record as the fastest selling first-party video game release in Sony Interactive Entertainment's history, beating God of War (Yes, it beat God of War) .The game grossed an estimated $198 million, surpassing the $117 million opening weekend box office of the 2017 film Spider-Man: Homecoming (And Tom Holland). PSX18 has been cancelled and Sony’s response included “Now that we have Spider-Man out the door, we're looking down in 2019 to games like Dreams and Days Gone, but we wouldn't have enough to bring people all together in some location in North America to have that event.” That’s how big a deal Spider-Man is.

I dint exactly know what to expect when I picked up a copy of Spider-Man. The fact that it was developed by Insomniac Games, one of the most underrated game studios in my opinion did peak interest, but I have been let down by games based on comic book characters before. Spider-Man is truly entertaining and managed to keep me glued to my couch for its 15ish hours of game play. The game is not all web slinging Spider-Man action either, there is a lot of Peter Parker in there, which flushes out the narrative and brings context to dialog.

S3

The game is graphically beautiful, the cityscape never gets dull, lighting is masterful and the variety in textures and reflections make the city almost as good as the character models. Character models, especially during boss battles are brilliantly executed and capture the essence of each iconic villain in Insomniacs own style. The game also has an unusually large draw distance which gives you a sense of direction within the game and makes navigating the open landscape a breeze.  Traversal through the game is nearly flawless, as Spider-Man you can swing by, climb and leap from any roof top in the games version of Manhattan, be it the Empire State Building or the Avengers tower. You can trigger web grapples which let you switch direction midair making Spidey incredibly agile. As you progress, you discover interesting and more efficient ways of getting from objective to another. It’s easy enough not become tedious but rewarding if mastered. Unfortunately, this fluidity in motion doesn’t work as well indoors or during boss battles. It might be necessary to trigger certain cut scenes but does cause some awkward interactions. Don’t get me wrong, the AI is pretty good and makes for some intense gameplay, minions do not wait and attack one after the other, they rush at you with everything they've got and the variety in their arsenal makes each type a little different from the other. combos are much harder to master when compared to the likes of Batman Arkham series. The game also sticks to 30fps at 1080p on the PS4, which is good for a console but a game like this deserves a windows port.

S2

The game has one of my favorite health regain systems, where you have to earn health, the harder you hit, quicker your focus bar fills up and the better chance you have of survival. There’s a whiff of Marvel cinematic in the game and I don’t just mean the sound track. The pacing of the game could be more even, it almost feels like the game shifts in difficulty every 10 minutes, which makes beating up goons on the streets and side quests more entertaining than the sometimes repetitive nature of boss battles.

S4

The game also give Spidey and amazing arsenal of gadgets to choose from and customize. Trip mines, drones, electric webs, web bombs and even a suspension matrix let you stall, stun and combo enemies in ways only limited by your imagination.

Marvel's Spider-Man_20180924012909

Spider-man himself learns a few tricks through skill points.

sk

Customization is not just limited to his loadout either Spider-Man gets a plethora of suits that trigger nostalgia and grant access to special abilities. Each suit give you access to a different ability like instant focus meter to escape a near fatal situation and once you unlock the suit you are free to use these skills at any time. Each suit can also be customized further with the use of mods.

You can get through the game by focusing on the main quests alone, but I feel you would be missing out as some of the side quests not only add to gameplay but to the narrative itself. Honestly, I wish the game had more quests than it does now which is high praise for a game with such depth. As Peter Parker you struggle with your boss, your student and even MJ. The story is diverse and immersive, often nailing balance between action and emotion. This game is a must buy and defiantly worth both your time and money. Gorgeous visuals, brilliant music, storytelling and combat mechanics make up for any faults in pacing.

 

iOS 12 Breakdown

Insta

As tech enthusiasts we keep switching from one mobile OS to the other, iOS, Android, Windows we’ve tried them all. I personally believed Maemo was the future. So here are our thoughts on iOS 12. Spoiler alert, it is absolutely brilliant. Apple has always had better support for older devices when compared to others. Updates go live to all devices on the same day, if the hardware could handle it, but they tend to get slower or the battery life gets worse, CPU’s get under clocked and so on.

This is the first time that an OS update makes all devices new & old snappier. This means ramping up CPU performance to its highest state for performance and ramping it down to preserve battery life. Everything from system wide transitions, app launches, page traversal, keyboard animations to camera launches are significantly more responsive. Apples statistics estimate a performance gains anywhere from 40-60% from the update alone. Synthetic benchmarks also show a 20-30% increase in scores, but is more likely caused by better optimization of the benchmark itself.

 

It’s not just better performance there are so many quality of life improvements. Predictive searches and actions get better over time, but they do get better  you’ll find suggested apps to use, people to text back, reminders to attend or book certain events, and more.  Gone is the farrago of notifications and iOS users finally have access to grouped notifications, everything is neatly organized in stacks based on the type of notification or app and allows us to look at each stack based on importance rather than having to sort through them all. You can also choose which notifications you want hidden from the lockscreen. When you receive a notification, swipe to the left and tap on Manage, which allows you to turn them off completely. Alternatively, you can tap on Deliver Quietly, and the notification will appear in the Notification Center but not on the lockscreen. Do not disturb gets a nifty little update, you can now set up time frames where it automatically kicks in and turns off, so you no longer have to worry about doing it manually. You also have the option to prevent notifications from popping up during this time frame. A blessing for those like me who have difficulty sleeping and constantly check messages. Siri is still inferior to Google, at least for my virtual assistant needs but it’s getting better with each iteration. With Siri Shortcuts, the voice assistant is capable of much more via quick actions that can all be assigned through the new Shortcuts app. There isn’t much you can do at the moment other than customize voice commands to trigger a specific action. For instance, by telling Siri our home address (or whatever phrase you want), we can have the Lyft app launch immediately. As mentioned earlier, Siri will continue to get better and provide better suggestions as we continue to use it. Since we already use the Spotlight Search tool on a daily basis to access certain apps, suggestions conveniently show up underneath and they’re genuinely helpful. If we’re having a conversation with a friend via text and either haven’t responded or tend to text them more often than others, Siri suggests to send a message. When we missed a phone call from a family member, we received a suggestion to make a call back.

You can also create your own voice-activated shortcuts in your device's settings. You pick an app action you'd like Siri to fire up and record a voice command. For example "Hey Siri, start recording" can create a voice memo The Shortcuts app lets you string together multiple shortcut actions into a sort of macro you can either launch from your home screen or activate by talking to Siri. If you're a longtime Mac user, think of it as Automator for your iPhone. After using the app for a while, it's clear why Apple didn't bundle it with this update: Shortcuts is one of the few additions to iOS I've seen that feels like a nod to power users.

Commonly used apps such as Photos, Stocks and iMessage have also been redesigned and look more polished and sleek. There is also a new augmented reality app which can be used to measure physical objects, that’ll come in handy if not it’s just a fun tool to play with.  The keyboard experience is also significantly better, scrolling through text has never been smoother.

Now for features I’m not too sure of, similar to Android P, iOS12 tells you how many times we pick up our phone per hour and App Limits which allow you to set a limit for how long you can use an app. Helping people overcome their addiction to their cellphones is a noble cause but it’s extremely easy to override the limit. The option to either turn off the restriction or delay it is offered to you via a pop-up, without having to take extra steps to get to your Settings. So it doesn’t really stop me from using my device as I always do. Well hold final verdict on battery life for now, but currently I do not see any progress. There have been reports of iPhone users complaining that their screen appears washed out, losing black levels and color saturation. There is a very aggressive skin smoothing issue with the front camera on the latest iPhones, which cannot be toggled off in software. In had retry several times to add a Google account to the mail app, for some reason.

So what are you waiting for ? Jailboken or not this is an update you do not want to wait and the update works on any device that could run iOS 11.

Batman Damned (1/3) “Its about the fall.”

Let’s address the elephant in the room, yes, there is bat butt and more in this comic moving on. Batman damned (1/3) is the first comic to come out of the new publishing DC Black label imprint From DC Entertainment. It aims to gives premier talent the opportunity to expand upon the canon of DC’s iconic Super Hero comic book characters with unique, standalone stories that are outside of the current DC Universe continuity. They have also allowed the artists to get as provocative, edgy and graphic as needed, anything that adds to the story in any way stays.  Giving heavy hitters like Frank Miller, Scott Snyder, Brian Azzarello, Kelly Sue DeConnick, Greg Rucka and John Ridley absolute creative freedom can only lead to beautiful story telling. They are going all out on the art work as well collaborating with John Romia Jr., Greg Capullo, Lee Bermejo and Phil Jimenez.

“DC Black Label offers leading writers and artists of any industry the opportunity to tell their definitive DC stories without being confined to canon,” explains executive editor Mark Doyle. “We are carefully crafting each series to fit the vision of the creative team. All of these creators are masters of their craft. I’m psyched to be working on a Wonder Woman story with Kelly Sue and Phil, helping to bring John’s vision of the other history of the DC universe to life and reuniting with some of the greatest Batman talents in the industry.”

Clearly there is a lot to look forward to from the label. Now that we have an idea of the labels general direction lets focus on Batman Damned. Although the book was reviewed on an iPad, due to availability. The print itself is of odd dimensions from what we can tell. So if you keep your single issues sealed after you’ve read them, heads up. The book is larger more pamphlet sized. The DC Black Label is very much aimed at a mature audience, there is nudity, murder and the entire scene is very dark. Batman Damned is written by Brian Azzarello and styled by Lee Bermejo. The art work is beautiful and the story so far is very interesting. Batman Damned is absolutely gorgeous and the story is interesting without being too technical. The tone of every panel and the emotions they try to convey translate perfectly and this could be the next Killing Joke, but we’ll have to wait for issues 2 and 3.

So the joker is dead and no one, including batman knows who did it or how it happened. We are greeted by a wounded batman surrounded by doctors who try to help him but, well he’s Batman. So obviously he assaults them and flees crying out to Alfred for help. This is where things start getting strange, John Constantine, Enchantress, Zatana (Doing the three card Monty on the street corner, hustling strangers. perfect) and Dead Man make an appearance, and there isn’t much dialog so you are kind of trying to figure out what is happening. Strangely this ambiguity works very well with the art style. There’s a lot happening and you get a sense of desperation shared by Batman himself. He wakes up to a cocky John Constantine, his wounds have healed and he hustles to the Bat cave. This is where the controversial nudity happens. He uses the Bat Computer to scan for injuries. Do you have to be naked for a scan? Probably, could you have avoided the male genitalia from the frame? Yes. But I think that’s the point DC Black isn’t worried about censorship and they have made it very clear. There are scenes of Bruce as a child being haunted by the Enchantress, she never really hurts him but asks if he would stay with her. Images of Thomas and Martha Wayne. Speaking of who, are unlike anything we’ve seen before.

There are few comic books that create such interest and by doing so DC has also raised our expectations for what is to come next.

 

Meltdown & Spectre

Meltdown and Spectre exploit critical vulnerabilities in modern processors. These hardware bugs allow programs to steal data which is currently processed on the computer. While programs are typically not permitted to read data from other programs, a malicious program can exploit Meltdown and Spectre to get hold of secrets stored in the memory of other running programs. This might include your passwords stored in a password manager or browser, your personal photos, emails, instant messages and even business-critical documents.

Meltdown and Spectre work on personal computers, mobile devices, and in the cloud. Depending on the cloud provider's infrastructure, it might be possible to steal data from other customers.

Meltdown

Meltdown

Meltdown breaks the most fundamental isolation between user applications and the operating system. This attack allows a program to access the memory, and thus also the secrets, of other programs and the operating system.If your computer has a vulnerable processor and runs an unpatched operating system, it is not safe to work with sensitive information without the chance of leaking the information. This applies both to personal computers as well as cloud infrastructure. Luckily, there are software patches against Meltdown.

Spectre

 Spectre

Spectre breaks the isolation between different applications. It allows an attacker to trick error-free programs, which follow best practices, into leaking their secrets. In fact, the safety checks of said best practices actually increase the attack surface and may make applications more susceptible to Spectre

Spectre is harder to exploit than Meltdown, but it is also harder to mitigate. However, it is possible to prevent specific known exploits based on Spectre through software patches.

Tell Time

You don’t need a watch to keep time, Galileo Galilei managed to keep time with a piece of string, based on the fact that a pendulum of a certain length oscillates once every second irrespective of its weight or swing distance. Yes, this was the 1500’s, now your phone tells time and probably tells time with greater accuracy, so why do i own dozens of time pieces and spend hours looking for more. I don’t believe i have a favorite song, color, cologne or dessert. You may enjoy one more than the other but your senses never truly settle.

Things to know before you can call yourself a horologist (Some one interested in the art/science of keeping time).

Calibre” most of you have either heard of or seen the word, mostly due to Tag Heuer placing it in every piece of marketing literature. Calibre simply refers to the movement in a watch, by movement i refer to components responsible for actually moving the hands, date wheel, chronograph, moon phase or any other indicator on the dial. A watch movement can either be mechanical or quartz based.

Yes that is a button cell battery, and before you nod your head in disapproval and navigate away, know that Patek Philippe, Rolex, Omega, Hublot, Vacheron Constantin have all made or continue to make quartz based watches. Seiko pioneered the technology and developed Seiko Crystal Chronometer QC-95 in 1964, and managed to create the first wrist worn quarts timepiece the Seiko Quartz-Astron 35SQ in 1969 at around $825,000 in today’s money.

“Quartz” fancy as it sounds is mostly silicon dioxide, as common as it is quartz is piezoelectric which means it vibrates when electricity is passed through it, and more interestingly it vibrates at a precise frequency, exactly 32768 times each second. You use an electronic counter to count the number of vibrations and uses them to generate regular electric pulses. These pulses are used to drive a stepper motor and gears to move the watch hands or display information on a display using a logic board.